This February, I gave an interview to Ido Kenan on Galei Tzahal (IDF Radio) about Google's upgraded Machine Translation system, including its claims that it learns an intermediary abstract language representation, an "Interlingua".
You can listen to the interview above this line, or here on Kenan's blog, where you can also read my writeup. Problem is, it's all in Hebrew! Well, what better than to use the fancy new Google Translate to render the thing into English?
Here it is, untouched. See how much you understand. (Retrieved March 16, 2017)
Since Tuesday's elections, I've been hearing a lot about the alleged irresponsibility of the American voter, not turning out for the elections. At the same time, there has been the usual fuss over the electoral college system and how some states are meaningless to bother going out to vote.
I have yet to see a piece trying to tie the two together (please correct me if I'm wrong).
My claim is simple: citing the nationwide 56.5% figure as a strong indicator for voter apathy is somewhat misleading. If a Californian feels they don't see the point in voting (and registering beforehand), it's different than a Pennsylvania voter (in this elections cycle at least, but pretty much usually). It's unfair, but understandable, if there's a (say) 15 point difference in their turnout rates.
Let's look at the numbers then, shall we? On the x axis, we'll place the ultimate victory margin (collected Thursday from Wikipedia) as a proxy for how inclined an average voter was to believe that his vote would be crucial. It's not a perfect proxy of course, as there were some state-level surprises. Maybe poll margins prior to registration deadlines would have been a better one. The y axis will denote the voting turnout (collected from electproject.org).
Before the chart, observational data: of the 11 states with highest voter turnout rate, 10 ended up with a margin under 5%. Of the 10 states with margin under 4%, only one had a turnout of less than 60%. Now you can look at the chart, including a simple linear trend line.
As you can see, the results are pretty straightforward. With a not-bad correlation of 0.21, it seems voters chose to turn out based on how close they anticipated the race to be in their state. I didn't leave out the outliers but they're not shown in this chart (DC is always ridiculous, this time with an 86% victory margin. Hawaii significantly undervoted with a 34% turnout, way under the next, California at 45.5%). It was cool to see Utah as a special case here with its 3-way race – a 19% D-R margin brought significantly less people to the polls than Montana or Washington state who ended up with about the same margin.
All in all, the voters who mattered in this Presidential election (tough phrasing but that's the way it is) came in at about 65%, much higher than the national average.
It's worth noting that the numbers, even for the swing states, are still low compared to most of the democratic world. But I'll also note that the US has other factors going for it, such as the no-day-off thing, or the huge amount of expats allowed to vote, which is a unique characteristic. According to electproject, these compose roughly 2% of the eligible electorate.
So, what does the text in parentheses mean?
- It's to be parsed as a template: <First> <Last>, meaning the first name should come first;
- It's an English-grammatical instruction (as in "first things first"): "Put your first name last", meaning the last name should come first.
I'm going with the first interpretation, but you gotta admit that this is a case where trying to make things clear only makes them confusing.
In 2006 (here I go, topical as ever) Senator Ted Stevens made his infamous "series of tubes" gaffe, winning him eternal ridicule.
My pet theory for Stevens's misconception has been that he'd heard of Youtube (the timeframe checks out; this is about the time it started emerging) and mis-analyzed it as "U-tube", a serial letter coding a type of tube. Generalizing, the whole Internet must be a series of the A-tube, B-tube, 1-tube and HL/9-tube, no?
I recently tried searching for some verification to this theory, or at least fellow holders of this opinion. To my surprise, I found none. Stevens himself did not give this as an explanation, but I assume it would have been an embarrassing admission the higher Youtube's popularity soared. When asked, he claimed some Internet mavens actually gave him positive feedback for the tube description (equating tubes with "pipes"). Sadly, we can't ask him anymore.
Are you a fellow U-tube-theorist?
Do you know of any?
Alternatively, can you clearly refute this theory?
During my growing years the answer to this question seemed to be 200 meters: the second half of the 200 meter race has no start to slow it down, and apparently the runner's battery is still charged enough for the entire 200 meters. The record for 200m was continuously under twice that of 100m. Michael Johnson's 0.34-second world record improvement in the Atlanta games in 1996 could only convince me further.
Over the last few years, however, the situation has been reversed. The 100m record is 9.572 seconds, while the 200m record is at 19.19, half of which is 9.595, slower than the 100m record. Moreover, both were made by the same runner, Usain Bolt. I looked into the situation in the last 45-or-so years, since just before the accurate automatic measurement was introduced, and it turns out that even though most of the time the halved 200m record was better than the 100m record, there were several transitions from one state of affairs to the other.
Can anybody help me with this? How can it be that there's no definite physiological answer to this question? Is there a known "ideal distance" which balances the slowdown of the start with the slowdown of fatigue? Or does it depend on the strength and expertise of contemporary runners?
After unsuccessfully trying to embed the Googledocs-provided html in WordPress, here's a print screen of the largest-scale chart below, and here's a link to the spreadsheet with the data and a "playable" chart. Each data point is where either a new 100m or 200m record was set, and the y-axis represents the difference between the two. A rise is a new 200m record, a fall is a new 100m record.
Perhaps inspired by this collection of PR photos without the accompanying press release, I believe non-Hebrew speakers might find this following list amusing: some of the examples I've come across and taken the trouble of writing down, of horrendous Hebrew subtitling of English dialogue in TV and film. Some mistakes may be easy to figure out, some are not fair of me because I'm also leaving out context, others will hopefully keep you flat-out stumped.
If you do understand Hebrew, it might be more fun starting here before looking for the explanation in any of the posts (Hebrew) where I do explain the (sometimes conjectured) origins.
So here they are, in no particular order (last updated: Dec. 12, 2011):
|Show||English||Hebrew subtitle (my re-translation)|
|Sex and the City||the Lennox Lewis fight||the fight between Lennox and Lewis|
|Entourage||Are you Indian now?||Are you a Native American now?|
|How I met Your Mother||demeaning||demanding|
|Family Guy||women's retreat||women's shelter|
|American Dad!||boysenberry pancakes||boys and blueberry pancakes|
|The Simpsons||Boy, is my face red||That irritates me|
|the protagonist||the antagonist|
|Futurama||phone carrier||phone case|
|Friends||I call shotgun!||I'll call a plumber!|
|my fish||my face|
|That 70's show||bitchin'||damn it|
|They don't let me hang out around the bleachers||They don't let me hang out near the cool kids|
|Life On Mars (UK)||want to go to the pictures?||want to go see pictures?|
|CSI: Las Vegas||scent||accent|
|refine search||define search|
|30 Rock||heroes turning in communists||heroes turning into communists|
|struck by lightning||struck by the lighting pole|
|lady airline pilots||"Lady Airline" pilots|
|pageant girls||pregnant girls|
|Seinfeld||I don't know, got a two in Zagat's||I don't know, I have a reservation for two at Zagat's|
|Frasier||global warming||central heating|
|Film||English||Hebrew subtitle (my re-translation)|
|Armageddon||Roger that||How will that help?|
|The Depraved (1957)||how's tricks?||How's (a person named) Tricks?|
|A King in New York||contempt||content|
|Zelig||I hate the country (-side)||I hate the country (=state)|
|it can be traced to||it can be tracked by|
|the great potato famine||the great potato|
|Leonard struck him and the other doctors with a rake||Leonard struck him and the other doctors with the change he had undergone|
|(title; completely idiomatic in modern-day usage)||(a civilization, feminine in Hebrew) Gone with the Wind||(masculine) Gone with the Wind|